Equity and Strength in Stochastic Integer Programming Models for the Dynamic Single Airport Ground-Holding Problem

Published in Transportation Science, 2020

Recommended citation: Estes AS, Ball MO. Equity and Strength in Stochastic Integer Programming Models for the Dynamic Single Airport Ground-Holding Problem. To appear in Transportation Science.

Preprint available here.

We study stochastic integer programming models for assigning delays to flights that are destined for an airport whose capacity has been impacted by poor weather or some other exogenous factor. In the existing literature, empirical evidence seemed to suggest that a proposed integer programming model had a strong formulation, but no existing theoretical results explained the observation. We apply recents results concerning the polyhedra of stochastic network flow problems to explain the strength of the existing model, and we propose a model whose size scales better with the number of flights in the problem and that preserves the strength of the existing model. Computational results are provided that demonstrate the benefits of the proposed model. Finally, we define a type of equity property that is satisfied by both models.